Retinal / Vitreous Disorders
A specialist of retinal and vitreous disorders is a doctor who focuses on diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the retina (the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye) and the vitreous (the gel-like substance inside the eye). They manage common pathologies such as retinal detachment, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal vascular diseases. The specialist may perform procedures such as retinal laser treatment, intravitreal injections of medications, vitrectomy surgery, or retinal detachment repair to preserve or restore vision and prevent further damage to the retina and vitreous. Their expertise helps ensure proper care for retinal and vitreous conditions, promoting optimal eye health.
Injections involve receiving medication directly into the eye to reduce swelling, control abnormal blood vessel growth, and prevent further damage to the retina.
Laser treatments use a focused beam of light to seal leaking blood vessels in the retina, reducing swelling and preventing vision loss caused by diabetic eye disease.
Panretinal Photocoagulation (PRP)
PRP is a laser treatment thatinvolves creating small laser burns in the peripheral areas of the retina to reduce abnormal blood vessel growth and prevent the progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Focal Laser Photocoagulation
Focal laser photocoagulation is a laser treatment that targets specific areas of swelling or leaking blood vessels in the macula (central part of the retina) to reduce edema and preserve central vision.
Scatter Laser Photocoagulation
Scatter laser photocoagulation, also known as grid laser, is a laser treatment where multiple small laser burns are applied to a wider area of the retina to reduce abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage.
Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure where the gel-like substance (vitreous) inside the eye is removed to address advanced stages of diabetic eye disease, such as severe bleeding or the presence of scar tissue, and is replaced with a clear solution.
Retinal detachment repair
Retinal detachment repair is a surgical procedure where the detached retina is reattached and secured in place, often by using special instruments, gas bubbles, or silicone bands, to restore proper vision and prevent further damage to the retina. The following are common procedures useful in the management in retinal detachement:
Scleral Buckle Surgery
Scleral buckle surgery involves placing a tiny silicone band around the eye, which indents the wall of the eye, providing support to reattach the detached retina.
Pneumatic retinopexy is a procedure where a gas bubble is injected into the eye to push the detached retina back into place, and then laser or freezing treatment is applied to seal the tear and reattach the retina.